Target 96 Mouse Exploratory



Cytosolic phospholipase A2

See alternative names Phospholipase A2 group IVA,
Phosphatidylcholine 2-acylhydrolase

Uniprot Function Description

Has primarily calcium-dependent phospholipase and lysophospholipase activities, with a major role in membrane lipid remodeling and biosynthesis of lipid mediators of the inflammatory response (PubMed:1904318, PubMed:9403692, PubMed:9403693). Plays an important role in embryo implantation and parturition through its ability to trigger prostanoid production (PubMed:9403692, PubMed:9403693). Preferentially hydrolyzes the ester bond of the fatty acyl group attached at sn-2 position of phospholipids (phospholipase A2 activity). Selectively hydrolyzes sn-2 arachidonoyl group from membrane phospholipids, providing the precursor for eicosanoid biosynthesis via the cyclooxygenase pathway. In an alternative pathway of eicosanoid biosynthesis, hydrolyzes sn-2 fatty acyl chain of eicosanoid lysophopholipids to release free bioactive eicosanoids. Hydrolyzes the ester bond of the fatty acyl group attached at sn-1 position of phospholipids (phospholipase A1 activity) only if an ether linkage rather than an ester linkage is present at the sn-2 position. This hydrolysis is not stereospecific. Has calcium-independent phospholipase A2 and lysophospholipase activities in the presence of phosphoinositides. Has O-acyltransferase activity. Catalyzes the transfer of fatty acyl chains from phospholipids to a primary hydroxyl group of glycerol (sn-1 or sn-3), potentially contributing to monoacylglycerol synthesis (By similarity).

Sample type

Recommended sample types are plasma and serum. A range of additional sample types are compatible with the technology (PEA), including citrate plasma, heparin plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF), tissue and cell lysates, fine needle biopsies, microdialysis fluid, cell culture media, dried blood spots, synovial fluid, saliva, plaque extract and microvesicles. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary between different sample types. Certain assays are differentially affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate. Download any of our Data Validation documents or contact for more information.


Precision (repeatability) is calculated from quantified data (pg/mL) within the limits of quantification: LOQ.

Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Analytical measuring range

The technical data reported below refers to the measured values generated during the assay validation process using recombinant antigens. Per default, Olink Target 48 products deliver data in absolute protein concentrations (pg/mL) using the Calibrator built into the system.

Sensitivity plot

The calibrator curve shown below visualizes the analytical measuring range determined during the validation process using recombinant antigen. Please note that this is shown for reference only and CANNOT be used to e.g. convert NPX values to absolute concentrations. The vertical dotted lines represent lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) and upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) respectively. The solid horizontal line indicates the limit of detection (LOD).


Biomarker Validation Data

Additional validation data, as well as a more detailed description of how the Olink panels are quality controlled can be found in our Data Validation documents – go to Document download center

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Target 96 Mouse Exploratory