See alternative names
Cachectin, TNF-alpha, Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2, N-terminal fragment
Uniprot Function Description
Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation (By similarity). Induces insulin resistance in adipocytes via inhibition of insulin-induced IRS1 tyrosine phosphorylation and insulin-induced glucose uptake. Induces GKAP42 protein degradation in adipocytes which is partially responsible for TNF-induced insulin resistance (PubMed:25586176). Plays a role in angiogenesis by inducing VEGF production synergistically with IL1B and IL6 (By similarity).
The TNF intracellular domain (ICD) form induces IL12 production in dendritic cells.
Recommended sample types are plasma and serum. A range of additional sample types are compatible with the technology (PEA), including citrate plasma, heparin plasma, cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF), tissue and cell lysates, fine needle biopsies, microdialysis fluid, cell culture media, dried blood spots, synovial fluid, saliva, plaque extract and microvesicles. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary between different sample types. Certain assays are differentially affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate. Download any of our Data Validation documents or contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
Precision (repeatability) is calculated from quantified data (pg/mL) within the limits of quantification: LOQ.
Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
Analytical measuring range
The technical data reported below refers to the measured values generated during the assay validation process using recombinant antigens. Per default, Olink Target 48 products deliver data in absolute protein concentrations (pg/mL) using the Calibrator built into the system.
The calibrator curve shown below visualizes the analytical measuring range determined during the validation process using recombinant antigen. Please note that this is shown for reference only and CANNOT be used to e.g. convert NPX values to absolute concentrations. The vertical dotted lines represent lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) and upper limit of quantification (ULOQ) respectively. The solid horizontal line indicates the limit of detection (LOD).
Biomarker Validation Data
Additional validation data, as well as a more detailed description of how the Olink panels are quality controlled can be found in our Data Validation documents – go to Document download center