Olink

Olink®
Part of Thermo Fisher Scientific

NEUROLOGY

Gene
TARBP2

Uniprot
Q15633

Protein
RISC-loading complex subunit TARBP2

See alternative names Trans-activation-responsive RNA-binding protein,
TAR RNA-binding protein 2

Uniprot Function Description

(Microbial infection) Binds to the HIV-1 TAR RNA which is located in the long terminal repeat (LTR) of HIV-1, and stimulates translation of TAR-containing RNAs (PubMed:2011739, PubMed:11438532, PubMed:12475984). This is achieved in part at least by binding to and inhibiting EIF2AK2/PKR, thereby reducing phosphorylation and inhibition of EIF2S1/eIF-2-alpha (PubMed:11438532). May also promote translation of TAR-containing RNAs independently of EIF2AK2/PKR (PubMed:12475984). Mediates recruitment of FTSJ3 methyltransferase to HIV-1 RNA, leading to 2'-O-methylation of the viral genome, allowing HIV-1 to escape the innate immune system (PubMed:30626973).

Required for formation of the RNA induced silencing complex (RISC). Component of the RISC loading complex (RLC), also known as the micro-RNA (miRNA) loading complex (miRLC), which is composed of DICER1, AGO2 and TARBP2. Within the RLC/miRLC, DICER1 and TARBP2 are required to process precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) to mature miRNAs and then load them onto AGO2. AGO2 bound to the mature miRNA constitutes the minimal RISC and may subsequently dissociate from DICER1 and TARBP2. May also play a role in the production of short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) from double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) by DICER1.

Sample type

Human EDTA plasma and serum are the recommended sample types. Human citrate plasma and heparin plasma are also accepted. For other samples types e.g cerebrospinal fluid, (CSF), tissue or cell lysates please we recommend Olink Target 96 panels. Please note that protein expression levels are expected to vary in different sample types and certain assays may be affected by interfering substances such as hemolysate.

Precision

Precision (repeatability) is calculated from linearized NPX values over LOD.

Within run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
7%
Between run precision Coefficient of Variation (CV)
19%

Analytical measuring range

The technical data reported below refers to the measured value in the in vitro validation assays run using known concentrations of recombinant antigen. Please note that these figures are for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples.

LOD (pg/mL)
97.7
LLOQ (pg/mL)
195.3
ULOQ (pg/mL)
100000
Hook (pg/mL)
200000
Range (logs)
2.7

Dilution factor

For optimal assay readout, Olink Explore is run using different dilutions of the original samples (undiluted, 1:10, 1:100 or 1:1000). The dilution factor for this assay is noted below and should be taken into account when estimating the appropriate addressable biological concentration of the protein based on the in vitro validation data.

Dilution factor
1:1

Sensitivity plot

The calibrator curve shown below visualizes the analytical measuring range data based on in vitro measurement of recombinant antigen. Please note that this is shown for reference only and CANNOT be used to convert NPX values to absolute concentrations for proteins measured in plasma or serum samples. The vertical dotted lines represent LLOQ and ULOQ respectively, and the horizontal line indicates the LOD.

10⁻⁶10⁻⁵10⁻⁴10⁻³10⁻²10⁻¹10⁰10¹10²10³10⁴10⁵10⁶10⁷1614121086420−2pg/mLNPXReplicate4PLLODLLOQULOQ

Sample distribution plot

The plot below shows the levels of protein measured in a number of commercial plasma samples. Healthy subjects are shown in blue and samples obtained from patients with a range of diseases are shown in red. The latter include inflammatory, cardiovascular, autoimmune & neurological diseases, as well as cancer. The data is shown to give a general idea of the sort of data range to expect, but cannot cover all potential levels that may be seen in clinical samples.

1614121086420−2NPXControl SamplesDisease Samples